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Investment diamonds will open a new distribution and sales channel that the diamond industry dearly needs to evolve - Alain Vandenborre, SDiX
The issue of investment diamonds has become particularly clamorous during recent years. While experts continue to debate whether it is possible to turn diamonds into a popular investment tool, Singapore launched the first Singapore Diamond Investment Exchange (SDiX), which is doing quite a brisk business. Its Executive Chairman and founder Alain Vandenborre gave this interview to Rough&Polished where he shared his vision of diamonds as an investor, described the work of the Exchange and told about the existing obstacles for and potential prospects of investment diamonds.

In India demand for diamond jewellery is growing - Sulish Verma
Vikas Chain & Jewellery (P) Ltd of Delhi is one of the leading manufacturers and wholesalers of gold chains, gems and diamond jewellery in India. The company’s collections comprise superbly crafted jewellery embellished with diamonds and precious stones of the finest quality. In an interview with Rough&Polished, Sulish Verma, the company’s managing director, touches upon the present conditions prevailing in India, its effects on the jewellery sector’s growth and cautions  jewellers to focus on design and quality to survive in the competitive business scenario, as well as to gain the confidence of today’s discerning customers.

Botswana, SA highly prospective says De Beers
De Beers, a leading global diamond miner in terms of value, said Botswana and South Africa are both highly prospective and geologically form part of the same cratonic region in Southern Africa. The group’s head of media relations Lynette Gould told Rough&Polished’s African Bureau Editor-In-Chief Mathew Nyaungwa that although they had been continuously prospecting for kimberlites in Botswana since 1955, the diamond producer historically had less access to prospective ground in South Africa due to the mineral legislation pre-1994, but with the introduction of the new legislation in 2004, new areas had opened up. Meanwhile, the group said it was currently having discussions with the Angolan government and state-diamond company Endiama for new concessions.

Ukrainian emerald cartel
Several years ago, the agents of the Ukrainian Security Service intercepted a large parcel of smuggled Colombian emeralds at the Borispol Airport in Kiev. The case promised to set off much drumbeat, but it quickly fell apart. There were two reasons for this: the affair involved a senior official of one of the law enforcement agencies in Ukraine, while the emeralds turned out to be ... synthetic. Later, some of the participants in this case were forced to leave Ukraine due to the well-known political events in the country. One of them agreed to comment the specifics associated with the trade in synthetic gemstones to Rough&Polished. Our meeting took place in Athens in early March of this year.



News

24.04.2014
ALROSA Board proposed dividend payments for 2013
On April 24, the Supervisory Board of ALROSA considered the agenda for the Company’s Annual General Meeting of Shareholders. The Board approved among other issues the recommended amount of dividend payments for 2013, which may rise 32% as compared to 2012, according to a press release distributed by the Company and received by Rough&Polished.

24.04.2014
Petra Diamonds Q3 output, revenue up
Petra Diamonds says its third-quarter production leaped 15 percent to 743,424 carats due to a 34 percent rise in production at its Finsch mine in South Africa.

24.04.2014
Synthetics to ‘affect’ diamond mining in southern Africa, Botswana to feel greatest impact
Diamond producing countries in southern Africa are set to be “affected” an increase in gem-quality synthetic diamonds, with Botswana to feel the greatest impact.



Diamond Deposits in Yakutia

25.06.2012

Reserves and resources Allocation

The major part of the diamond reserves (about 80%) and almost half of the world’s proved diamond resources are located on the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in Russia. Despite the fact that the greater part of deposits lies in the extreme environment of the Far North and is characterized by complicated mining and operating conditions, the diamond grade of ores contained in Yakutia’s kimberlite pipes is normally higher while their quality is comparable with that of other deposits in the world, which makes their development economically efficient.

All the deposits located in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) belong to the Yakutsk diamond-bearing province with the Malo-Botuobinsky, Daldyno-Alakitsky, Anabarsky, Sredne-Markhinsky, Prilensky, Muno-Tungsky, Nizhne-Oleneksky and Morkokinsky diamond-bearing districts being the major ones.

Almost all the Yakutia diamond reserves (93.1%) are concentrated in the kimberlite pipes, and the alluvial diamonds make 6.9% of the approved reserves, with the inferred resources equal to 65% of the total inferred resources registered in the Republic. The diamond grade of the ores mined in the Republic (kimberlite pipes) is normally higher than in the deposits abroad, although by their quality the local diamonds are comparable to those mined at many similar mines accross the world.

As of January 1, 2010 the State Mineral Reserves Register of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) registered 47 deposits, including 17 kimberlites, 30 alluvials, with the total reserves over 1.0 billion carats in Categories А+В+С1 and С2.

The proved balance reserves life in the Republic is 25-30 years at the current mining level and is defined as satisfactory (Tables 1, 2).

Table 1

Major Diamond Deposits in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)






























The table was compiled by the author based on the following data:
1. Government Report “On the State and Utilization of
mineral-Raw Material resources in the Russian Federation in 2010.” “Almazy. IATs “Mineral”, 2011, pp. 273-282.
2. Presentation for investors – Results of 2011. IR Press-Release of OAO ALROSA. May 17, 2012.

Table 2

The state of diamond reserves in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) as of 01.01.2010, %







































The table was made by the author based on the data of the Programme “The Social and Economic Development of the Republic of sakha (Yakutia) up to 2025 and the Guidelines up to 2030”.

The development of the rough diamond basis is among the leading lines of activities of the Yakutia geological industry. In future, the diamond geological exploration will focus on localizing, exploration, evaluation and prospecting of potential diamond-bearing areas in the Yakutsk diamondiferous province and conversion of the inferred diamond resources into the commercial category reserves. increase in the diamond reserves begins to show on the proved kimberlite and alluvial deposits, those under exploration and deposits planned for prospecting, and in future, it should compensate for the utilized reserves.

At present, the real prospects in localizing commercial diamond deposits are connected with the Sredne-Markhinsky and Muno-Tungsky diamond-bearing areas, where new kimberlite bodies rich in diamonds can be discovered, as well as buried high-quality diamond placer deposits. Along with the elaboration of discovered deposits, it is expected to intensify the geological and geophysical exploration and the integrated studies are to be carried out along the fault zone containing ores.

It is also planned to increase the diamond exploration works minimum by 3.5% per year of the value of the diamonds mined in the Republic in order to replenish the utilized reserves and discover new promising kimberlite and alluvial deposits. This will allow provide the diamond mining industry with a dependable raw material base and increase the reserves for next 20 to 25 years.

Yuri Danilov, Ph. D., Director of the Department of Regional Subsoil Management Economics, Institute for Regional Economics of the North at Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

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