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De Beers cautiously optimistic for outlook in major consumer markets
excl_31082015_x.jpgDiamond giant De Beers, which has so far this year adjusted its sales terms for sightholders due to weak diamond market, has said that it is cautiously optimistic for the outlook in the major consumer markets for the all-important end of year selling season. De Beers Group head of media relations Lynette Gould told Rough & Polished’s Mathew Nyaungwa from her base in London that demand conditions in the near term would be dependent upon consumer demand, retail stocking appetite and the rate of midstream inventory depletion. She also commented on the group’s move to provide increased deferral flexibility in sightholder sales as well as its new licences that were granted in Botswana and South Africa.

GIA’s Global Leadership Program - Building Bridges between Different Sectors of Global Gem and Jewelry Supply Chain
kathryn_kimmel_x.jpgThe Gemological Institute of America (GIA), well-known for its wide range of education programs, launched yet another training course last year in team with the Harvard Business School (HBS), this time bringing together senior gem and jewelry executives from around the world and offering them an opportunity to discuss challenges facing the industry within the frames of the Global Leadership Program. After a successful start-up, the second edition of this Program was run on June 15-18, 2015 and turned to be in the opinion of one of its participants “a splendid platform for peers from all walks of the industry to discuss and exchange ideas”. Rough&Polished asked Kathryn Kimmel, GIA’s Senior Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer to tell more about this educational initiative and here is what she said.

Pangolin optimistic of finding diamonds in Botswana
leon_daniels_x.jpgPangolin Diamonds, which prides itself as one of the few exploration companies doing “real” diamond exploration, is optimistic of finding diamonds in Botswana, the world’s leading diamond producing country by value. Company president and chief executive Dr. Leon Daniels told Rough & Polished’s Mathew Nyaungwa that current results in the Malatswae Project suggest they are close to discovery. He said the unusual number of diamonds Pangolin had found in a small area of the Malatswae Project strongly indicate that any discovery in the area would be diamondiferous. Daniels said his company should be a producer, not an explorer within the next five years. He also spoke about the company’s other projects in Botswana.

Our business is built on trust and confidence and so it is critical that we remain optimistic - Ernest Blom
ernie_blom_x.jpgA third generation diamantaire, Ernie Blom is now President of the World Federation of Diamond Bourses (WFDB) for the third term. He has served on a range of industry bodies as an executive and chairman for many years, including Chairman, Diamond Dealers Club of South Africa; Chairman, Rough Diamond Dealers Association; Chairman, Master Diamond Cutters Association; Chairman, Jewellery Council of South Africa, South African Diamond Board; and is a Special Diplomatic Advisor to the Belgium government on trade with Africa. In an interview with Rough&Polished, Ernie Blom speaks about the various concerns of the global diamond industry at present.



News

04.09.2015
Diamond market players discuss industry development at EEF
On September 3, as part of the program of the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) in Vladivostok, ALROSA hosted a session “New Development Drivers of Global Diamond Business in Asia Pacific”. The session was devoted to the current state and future prospects of the diamond industry.

04.09.2015
Botswana Diamonds, Alrosa to start drilling, intensive soil sampling in Orapa
Botswana Diamonds said a seven-person specialist Russian team of geologists and mineralogists will arrive in Botswana early next month and join with local personnel to undertake a drilling as well as intensive soil sampling programme in Orapa.

04.09.2015
Epstein: the potential of the diamond exchange in the Russian Far East is limited
The creation of the diamond exchange in the Far East is a positive step, however, the potential of this new centre limited, said on the sidelines of the Eastern economic forum, Ari Epstein, AWDC CEO.



Diamond Deposits in Yakutia

25.06.2012

Reserves and resources Allocation

The major part of the diamond reserves (about 80%) and almost half of the world’s proved diamond resources are located on the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in Russia. Despite the fact that the greater part of deposits lies in the extreme environment of the Far North and is characterized by complicated mining and operating conditions, the diamond grade of ores contained in Yakutia’s kimberlite pipes is normally higher while their quality is comparable with that of other deposits in the world, which makes their development economically efficient.

All the deposits located in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) belong to the Yakutsk diamond-bearing province with the Malo-Botuobinsky, Daldyno-Alakitsky, Anabarsky, Sredne-Markhinsky, Prilensky, Muno-Tungsky, Nizhne-Oleneksky and Morkokinsky diamond-bearing districts being the major ones.

Almost all the Yakutia diamond reserves (93.1%) are concentrated in the kimberlite pipes, and the alluvial diamonds make 6.9% of the approved reserves, with the inferred resources equal to 65% of the total inferred resources registered in the Republic. The diamond grade of the ores mined in the Republic (kimberlite pipes) is normally higher than in the deposits abroad, although by their quality the local diamonds are comparable to those mined at many similar mines accross the world.

As of January 1, 2010 the State Mineral Reserves Register of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) registered 47 deposits, including 17 kimberlites, 30 alluvials, with the total reserves over 1.0 billion carats in Categories А+В+С1 and С2.

The proved balance reserves life in the Republic is 25-30 years at the current mining level and is defined as satisfactory (Tables 1, 2).

Table 1

Major Diamond Deposits in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)






























The table was compiled by the author based on the following data:
1. Government Report “On the State and Utilization of
mineral-Raw Material resources in the Russian Federation in 2010.” “Almazy. IATs “Mineral”, 2011, pp. 273-282.
2. Presentation for investors – Results of 2011. IR Press-Release of OAO ALROSA. May 17, 2012.

Table 2

The state of diamond reserves in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) as of 01.01.2010, %







































The table was made by the author based on the data of the Programme “The Social and Economic Development of the Republic of sakha (Yakutia) up to 2025 and the Guidelines up to 2030”.

The development of the rough diamond basis is among the leading lines of activities of the Yakutia geological industry. In future, the diamond geological exploration will focus on localizing, exploration, evaluation and prospecting of potential diamond-bearing areas in the Yakutsk diamondiferous province and conversion of the inferred diamond resources into the commercial category reserves. increase in the diamond reserves begins to show on the proved kimberlite and alluvial deposits, those under exploration and deposits planned for prospecting, and in future, it should compensate for the utilized reserves.

At present, the real prospects in localizing commercial diamond deposits are connected with the Sredne-Markhinsky and Muno-Tungsky diamond-bearing areas, where new kimberlite bodies rich in diamonds can be discovered, as well as buried high-quality diamond placer deposits. Along with the elaboration of discovered deposits, it is expected to intensify the geological and geophysical exploration and the integrated studies are to be carried out along the fault zone containing ores.

It is also planned to increase the diamond exploration works minimum by 3.5% per year of the value of the diamonds mined in the Republic in order to replenish the utilized reserves and discover new promising kimberlite and alluvial deposits. This will allow provide the diamond mining industry with a dependable raw material base and increase the reserves for next 20 to 25 years.

Yuri Danilov, Ph. D., Director of the Department of Regional Subsoil Management Economics, Institute for Regional Economics of the North at Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

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