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ALROSA geologists exploring Africa for diamonds
victor_ustinov_preview.jpgViktor Ustinov is Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences and Deputy Director of the Geological Research and Exploration Unit at ALROSA in charge of the New Areas Evaluation Department (Saint Petersburg). In his interview to Rough&Polished he told about his recent business trip to Africa.

AWDC regrets seizure of Zim diamonds, but says not involved in the matter
margaux_donckier_preview.jpgAbout 500 000 carats of Zimbabwean diamonds worth about $45 million that were on sale last month at the Antwerp World Diamond Centre (AWDC) were first attached by Amari Platinum before the Belgian court reversed the seizure, pending a court ruling, which is expected anytime soon. A group of white former commercial farmers also attached the same diamonds on the basis of an International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes arbitration award against the Zimbabwean government to compensate the ex-farmers. As the legal battle rages on, the voice of AWDC had been silent and Rough&Polished’s Mathew Nyaungwa sought a comment from the centre’s spokesperson Margaux Donckier, who said they regret the seizure. However, AWDC was quick to point out that they were not involved in the matter. Donckier also commented on the recent closure of the Antwerp Diamond Bank.

Interaction with clients is a key to understanding what they want and what they need
varuna_jani_preview.jpgVaruna D Jani, an award-winning jeweler ahead of her time, understands that it’s not only about investing but there is also a need of styling and personalization of jewellery. She is known more as an ‘adornologist’ than a ‘jewellery designer’. Belonging to a jeweller family, Varuna imparts knowledge and gives her recommendations on jewelry that suit individual personality. In an interview with Rough&Polished, Varuna revealed her passion for jewellery designing even as a child and her initiation into the business eventually.

Maxim Shkadov: "We need to create our own sales channel providing maximum penetration to the market"
maxim_shkadov_preview_08113013.jpgTaking into account the ongoing discussion about the future of the Russian diamond industry, Rough&Polished asked Maxim Shkadov, CEO of Kristall (Smolensk), the largest diamond manufacturer in Russia and Europe to answer our questions. In his interview, he expressed his views on the problems currently facing the industry.



News

31.10.2014
GJEPC and BDB plan Global Brainstorming Session on issues that led to WDC Meet boycott
The Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) and the Bharat Diamond Bourse (BDB) plan to host a brainstorming session for representatives of the global diamond industry to discuss the issues that sparked the boycott of the Annual General Meeting of the World Diamond Council (WDC) held in Antwerp, according to a news item posted on the GJEPC website.

31.10.2014
WDC meeting in Antwerp: looking to the future
From 28 to 30 October, members of the World Diamond Council assembled in Antwerp for the 2014 Annual General Meeting. The discussions focused on issues associated with the Kimberley Process, 14 years after its establishment, and the role of the WDC in relation to the risks facing the KP.

31.10.2014
WFDB соncludes EXCO meeting with plans for a new paradigm
The World Federation of Diamond Bourses EXCO has ended in Antwerp a 3 day program of discussions and meetings that included an extensive strategy session to analyse, discuss and decide on the future mission of the WFDB within the growing, global diamond trade.



Diamond Deposits in Yakutia

25.06.2012

Reserves and resources Allocation

The major part of the diamond reserves (about 80%) and almost half of the world’s proved diamond resources are located on the territory of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in Russia. Despite the fact that the greater part of deposits lies in the extreme environment of the Far North and is characterized by complicated mining and operating conditions, the diamond grade of ores contained in Yakutia’s kimberlite pipes is normally higher while their quality is comparable with that of other deposits in the world, which makes their development economically efficient.

All the deposits located in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) belong to the Yakutsk diamond-bearing province with the Malo-Botuobinsky, Daldyno-Alakitsky, Anabarsky, Sredne-Markhinsky, Prilensky, Muno-Tungsky, Nizhne-Oleneksky and Morkokinsky diamond-bearing districts being the major ones.

Almost all the Yakutia diamond reserves (93.1%) are concentrated in the kimberlite pipes, and the alluvial diamonds make 6.9% of the approved reserves, with the inferred resources equal to 65% of the total inferred resources registered in the Republic. The diamond grade of the ores mined in the Republic (kimberlite pipes) is normally higher than in the deposits abroad, although by their quality the local diamonds are comparable to those mined at many similar mines accross the world.

As of January 1, 2010 the State Mineral Reserves Register of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) registered 47 deposits, including 17 kimberlites, 30 alluvials, with the total reserves over 1.0 billion carats in Categories А+В+С1 and С2.

The proved balance reserves life in the Republic is 25-30 years at the current mining level and is defined as satisfactory (Tables 1, 2).

Table 1

Major Diamond Deposits in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)






























The table was compiled by the author based on the following data:
1. Government Report “On the State and Utilization of
mineral-Raw Material resources in the Russian Federation in 2010.” “Almazy. IATs “Mineral”, 2011, pp. 273-282.
2. Presentation for investors – Results of 2011. IR Press-Release of OAO ALROSA. May 17, 2012.

Table 2

The state of diamond reserves in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) as of 01.01.2010, %







































The table was made by the author based on the data of the Programme “The Social and Economic Development of the Republic of sakha (Yakutia) up to 2025 and the Guidelines up to 2030”.

The development of the rough diamond basis is among the leading lines of activities of the Yakutia geological industry. In future, the diamond geological exploration will focus on localizing, exploration, evaluation and prospecting of potential diamond-bearing areas in the Yakutsk diamondiferous province and conversion of the inferred diamond resources into the commercial category reserves. increase in the diamond reserves begins to show on the proved kimberlite and alluvial deposits, those under exploration and deposits planned for prospecting, and in future, it should compensate for the utilized reserves.

At present, the real prospects in localizing commercial diamond deposits are connected with the Sredne-Markhinsky and Muno-Tungsky diamond-bearing areas, where new kimberlite bodies rich in diamonds can be discovered, as well as buried high-quality diamond placer deposits. Along with the elaboration of discovered deposits, it is expected to intensify the geological and geophysical exploration and the integrated studies are to be carried out along the fault zone containing ores.

It is also planned to increase the diamond exploration works minimum by 3.5% per year of the value of the diamonds mined in the Republic in order to replenish the utilized reserves and discover new promising kimberlite and alluvial deposits. This will allow provide the diamond mining industry with a dependable raw material base and increase the reserves for next 20 to 25 years.

Yuri Danilov, Ph. D., Director of the Department of Regional Subsoil Management Economics, Institute for Regional Economics of the North at Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

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